Spaniel pups - Maud Earl
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Ria Hörter

In the eyes of the artist…

Fourteenth-century   engravers,   18th   –   century   painters   and   yesterday’s   photographers   all   show   us   dogs as   seen   through   their   eyes.   Their   work   is   an   enlightening   way   to   follow   the   development   of   breeds   and how they were seen in the eyes of the artist.
Dog Writer and Contributing Editor of Dog Magazines
1. Border Collie
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At   the   end   of   the   16th   century,   Dr.   John   Caius   described   in   Treatise   on   Englishe Dogges   the   working   style   of   various   sheepdogs.   Their   style   of   driving   sheep was   more   or   less   the   same   as   that   of   today’s   working   Border   Collies.   With   hand signals   and   a   shrill   whistle,   the   shepherd   directed   his   dog   to   where   he   wanted his flock to go.  In   both   the   20th   and   21st   centuries,   many   breeds   became   unemployed,   but   in Britain   –   from   the   Borders   between   England   and   Scotland   to   the   Hebrides   people   can   still   enjoy   the   sight   of   large   flocks   of   sheep   driven   by   Border   Collies. Upwards   and   downwards,   over   the   hilltops,   down   again,   to   the   farm   and   the sheep fold.  Perpetual motion through the ages… At   the   beginning   of   the   19th   century,   England   had   many   different   sheepdogs, not   only   Border   collies,   but   also   Scotch   collies,   Highland   collies,   Old   Welsh   Grey sheepdogs,    Smithfield    sheepdogs,    Welsh    hillmen,    Cumberland    sheepdogs, Dorset   blues,   Welsh   black-and-tan   sheepdogs,   bobtailed   sheepdogs,   etc.   From the   mid-19th   century,   an   abundance   of   different   sheepdog   types   was   used   by farmers   to   drive   their   cattle   and   sheep.   One   of   these   types   that   is   still   known today   –   the   Border   collie   –   derives   its   name   from   the   Borders   and   from   a   black- headed   sheep   with   black   legs:   the   coalley   or   black-faced   sheep.   According   to the   Agricultural   Dictionary   (1743),   the   dogs   that   drove   and   tended   the   flocks were called coalleys-dogs or coally-dogs.
If   you   are   interested   in   publishing   one   or more   of   these   articles,   illustrations   and photographs     included     please     contact me. E-mail: All    articles    are    available    in    English and/or in Dutch.